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14 February 2011The recruitment and use of children by armed forces and other armed groups in Chad persists, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says in a new report, while noting that reduced tensions last year enabled many children to leave such groups.

child soldiers

The report to the Security Council on children and armed conflict in Chad, which covers the period from July 2008 to December 2010, also notes that children continue to be targets of sexual and gender-based violence, and that mines and other explosive remnants of war continue to expose children to danger.

Attacks on humanitarian workers in eastern Chad on many occasions adversely impacted children’s access to humanitarian aid, including education and health care, according to the report.

Presenting an overview of the general security situation in Chad, Mr. Ban highlights how the insecurity in the eastern region that prevailed in 2008 and 2009 improved markedly in 2010, and the impact that had on efforts to protect children.

“Progress in the relations between Chad and the Sudan from mid-2009 onwards resulted in the thawing of political tensions. This allowed for operational military arrangements, such as the establishment of a Chad-Sudan joint border force in April 2010, which, together with the improved operational capacity of the Détachement intégré de sécurité [DIS], had a positive impact on the security situation and the protection of children,” the Secretary-General says.

The DIS is an integrated security unit of the Chadian Government which the UN has been helping to train and support to ensure the protection of civilians following the departure of the UN mission in Chad and the Central African Republic (MINURCAT).

The report takes note of efforts by the Government of Chad to address the issue of recruitment and use of children. Those efforts culminated in the holding of a regional conference to end child recruitment, as well as Chad’s hosting of the first meeting of the monitoring committee to follow up on the N’Djamena Declaration, which was adopted at the conference.

In his recommendations, the Secretary-General urges Chad to issue clear orders to its military chain of command, including at the local level, prohibiting the recruitment and use of children in line with its obligations under international human rights and humanitarian law, and to ensure the immediate and unconditional release of all children.

He voices deep concern over continued incidents of rape and other forms of sexual violence, including those perpetrated by members of the armed forces. He encourages the Government to prioritize the investigation and prosecution of perpetrators, and to strengthen prevention and response strategies.

Mr. Ban calls on all opposition armed groups to stop using anti-personnel mines, and urges the Government to ensure that humanitarian de-mining programmes are in line with international standards.

He voices encouragement at the measures take by Chadian authorities to ensure better security and protection of civilian populations in and around refugee camps and internally displaced persons sites.

In light of the withdrawal of MINURCAT, Mr. Ban encourages the donor community to provide support to the Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting to maintain the mission’s previous monitoring and reporting role.

He also urges the donor community to provide additional support to programmes by the national authorities, UN entities and non-governmental organizations working in Chad.


Source: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=37530&Cr=chad&Cr1

What definitions are used by the UN?

Posted by assoeci On août - 18 - 2009 ADD COMMENTS

Disarmament is the collection, documentation, control and disposal of small arms, ammunition, explosives and light and heavy weapons of combatants and often also of the civilian population. Disarmament also includes the development of responsible arms management programmes.

Demobilization is the formal and controlled discharge of active combatants from armed forces or other armed groups. The first stage of demobilization may extend from the processing of individual combatants in temporary centres to the massing of troops in camps designated for this purpose (cantonment sites, encampments, assembly areas or barracks). The second stage of demobilization encompasses the support package provided to the demobilized, which is called reinsertion.

Reinsertion is the assistance offered to ex-combatants during demobilization but prior to the longer-term process of reintegration. Reinsertion is a form of transitional assistance to help cover the basic needs of ex-combatants and their families and can include transitional safety allowances, food, clothes, shelter, medical services, short-term education, training, employment and tools. While reintegration is a long-term, continuous social and economic process of development, reinsertion is a short-term material and/or financial assistance to meet immediate needs, and can last up to one year.

Reintegration is the process by which ex-combatants acquire civilian status and gain sustainable employment and income. Reintegration is essentially a social and economic process with an open time-frame, primarily taking place in communities at the local level. It is part of the general development of a country and a national responsibility, and often necessitates long-term external assistance.

source: www.unddr.org

ONG : ECI Euro Coopération Ingénierie

Posted by assoeci On juin - 24 - 2009 ADD COMMENTS

Prévention de conflits

L´association Euro Coopération Ingénierie (ECI) est une ONG menant des projets de DDR (Démobilisation / Désarmement / Réintégration). Elle centre ses activités sur des Projets de l’ONU et de l’UE sur des programmes pour ex-enfants-soldats et enfants des rues.

ECI: En 2003, un groupe de réflexion et d’études se crée et se charge de recherches sur la problématique des ex-belligérants dans des pays sortant de crise. Aujourd´hui, ECI est une association française type loi de 1901qui regroupe un large éventail de spécialistes des situations de post-crise et experts de l’Afrique.

Une équipe de spécialistes du DDRR, un ensemble de compétences pluridisciplinaires complémentaires au service de la réinsertion des ex-belligérants, de la réintégration des enfants des rues et de la prise en charge des populations difficiles.

Une connaissance approfondie de l’Afrique et des zones de conflits, des expériences solides en matière de management des hommes, de gestion des crises et de conduite de projets.

Des femmes et des hommes qui partagent les mêmes valeurs éthiques, un même engagement pour la paix par la préservation des enfants et jeunes adultes de la violence fondée sur l’éducation, la formation, le développement et la responsabilisation dans leur devenir.

Si vous souhaitez nous rejoindre et participer bénévolement à cette activité cruciale de prévention des conflits, merci de nous contacter.

M. Paul Perrin

Association ECI (DDR)

6, Square Desaix

75015 Paris

France

Euro Coopération Ingénierie DDR |
Euro Coopération Ingénierie DDR

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